10 Jul 2011

Spellbound

The final Harry Potter movie has already had its world premiere in the UK, and this coming Thursday Singapore would be able to catch it in cinemas too! It's also appropriate that Order Of The Phoenix is showing on TV now.

The spells used in the world of Harry Potter aren't just mere gibberish. Most of them are derived from actual words. So here's a quick list of spells used:

Accio
Summons an object towards the caster over a distance. Accio is supposedly Latin for "I come/summon"
Aguamenti
Producers a water jet from the wand. Derived from aqua(water) and augmenti(augment, increase)
Alohomora
Opens and/or unlocked non-enchanted doors. In the West African Sidiki dialect, literally means "Friendly to thieves".
Anapneo
Clears target's airway if choking. Greek for "to draw breath / revive".
Aparecium
Makes invisible ink appear. Latin = "to become visible / appear"
Avada Kedavra
Instant painless death. Probably derived from the famous abracadabra("let the thing be destroyed", the 'thing' usually being an illness).
Avis
Latin for bird, so obviously summons a flock of birds
Bombarda
Creates an explosion. Latin = "a cannon". Bombarda Maxima = stronger version of initial spell.
Cave Iminicum
Strengthens enclosures against enemies. Latin = "Beware the enemy"
Colloportus
Magically locks a door, counters Alohomora. Greek word kollao("to bind closely") + Latin word porta("a gate")
Confringo
Makes target explode in flames. Latin = "to bring to naught"
Confundo
Confuses the victim. Latin = "to confuse"
Crucio
Inflicts unbearable pain on victim. Latin = "I torture"
Defodio
Carve/dig out materials. Latin = "to dig out"
Deletrius
Removes evidence of previously cast spells, kinda like "Clear Casting History". Latin delere = "to destroy", which is where the word "delete" comes from.
Densaugeo
Cause abnormal growth of target's teeth. Latin dens("tooth") + augeo("to enlarge")
Deprimo
Summons a powerful wind that loosens/softens a variety of things, also can detach things. Latin = "dig deep"
Descendo
Makes things sink / go down. Latin = "to come down / descend"
Diffindo
Cuts/rips things. Latin = "I divide"
Duro
Hardens objects. Latin = "I make hard"
Engorgio
Makes objects swell in size. English "engorge" = "to fill in excess"
Erecto
Erects objects. Latin erectus = "upright/erect"
Evanesco
Makes target vanish. Latin = "to vanish"
Expecto Patronum
Conjures a protector in the form of an animal that's significant to the caster. Latin = "I await a protector"
Expelliarmus
Disarms another wizard/witch, sometimes can even throw the target back or deflect the target's spell. Latin expellere("to expel / thrust away") + arma("weapons of war")
Expulso
Causes an object to explode, the force depends on the intent of the caster. Latin = "to drive out / expel / force out/ banish"
Ferula
Creates a bandage and splint. Latin = "a stick"
Finite Incantatem
Negates many spells or spell effects. Latin finio("to put an end to") + cantio("enchantment")
Flagrate
Casts fiery marks. Latin flagro = "glowing"
Furnunculus
English for "boil", so the spell covers the target in disgusting boils
Gemino
Creates temporary duplicates of target object, magical properties not copied. Latin = "to double"
Glisseo
Causes stairway steps to flatten and form a ramp. French glisser = "slide"
Homenum Revelio
Reveals humans near caster. Latin homo/hominis( "person") + revelo("to unveil")
Impedimenta
Impedes target's progress towards caster by various means. Latin impedimentum (plural impedimenta) = "a hindrance / an impediment"
Imperio
Causes the victim to obey commands of the caster. Latin Imperare
Impervius
Makes target impervious to substances and outside forces. Latin = "impassable"
Incarcerous
Ties target with ropes. English "incarcerate" = "to imprison/confine"
Incendio
Produces fire. Latin incendo = "to burn / set fire"
Langlock
Glues victim's tongue to roof of mouth. Latin lingua("language/tongue") + English "lock"
Legilimens
Allows caster to delve into victim's mind, allowing access to thought/feelings/memories. Latin legeres("to read") + mens("mind")
Levicorpus
Dangles victim upside down by the ankle. Latin levo("to raise") + corpus("body")
Liberacorpus
Counter spell to Levicorpus. Latin liberare("to free") + corpus("body")
Locomotor
Incited as "Locomotor [name of object]", causing said object to rise and move about at caster's will. Locomotor Mortis locks the victim's legs together, making it impossible to walk. Latin loco("to place") + moto("to move about"); mortis = "death"
Lumos
Creates a narrow beam of light from the wand tip. Latin lumen = "light"
Meteolojinx Recanto
Causes magically-induced weather effects to cease. Greek mete├┤rologia("metereology") + English "jinx" + Latin recanto("recall, revoke")
Mobiliarbus
Lifts a tree a few inches off ground and levitates it to an indicated position. Latin mobilito("to set in motion") + arbor/arbos("a tree")
Mobilicorpus
Similar to Mobiliarbus except it moves a body instead of a tree.
Morsmordre
Summons a Dark Mark(usually used by Voldemort), often used to mark deaths or cause terror. Latin mors("death") + French mordre("to bite")
Muffliato
Prevents people who are nearby or being directed at by the wand from hearing nearby conversations. From English "muffle"
Nox
Counter spell to Lumos. Latin = "night"
Obliviate
Hides a particular memory. Latin oblivium = "forgetfulness"
Obscuro
Blindfolds the victim. Latin = "to conceal/darken/cover"
Oppugno
Causes conjured objects to attack. Latin = "to attack"
Orchideous
Conjures a bouquet of flowers from the wand. From English "orchid"
Pack
Packs a trunk or any luggage
Peskipiksi Pesternomi
Supposedly removes Cornish pixies, but unknown if it actually works! From English "pesky" + "pixie" + "pester" + "no" + "me"
Petrificus Totalus
Temporarily binds the victim's body imitating a soldier at attention, but breathing and seeing is unrestricted. From English "petrify" + "total"
Piertotum Locomotor
Animates statues and armour suits to do the caster's bidding. Latin petrus("stone") + totus("whole of")
Point Me
Turns the wand into a compass, pointing towards north.
Portus
Turns an object into a portkey, i.e. touching the enchanted object would teleport the person/people touching it towards a specified location. Latin = "port/harbour/refuge/haven"
Prior Incantato
Works against Deletrius by revealing an "echo" of the previous spell cast from the target wand. Latin prior("former") + incanto("to enchant)
Protego
Emanates a shield around the caster, and rebounds enemy spells, or at least reduce their effects. Protego Horriblis provides some protection against Dark Magic, while Protego Totalum provides protection for an area/dwelling. Useless against Avada Kedavra. Latin protego = "to protect"; horribilis = "horrible"; totus = "as a whole"
Quietus
Makes a magically magnified voice return to normal; counter spell to Sonorus. Latin = "undisturbed, calm"
Reducio
Makes an enlarged object smaller. Counter-charm to Engorgio. Latin = "to bring back"
Reducto
Explodes solid objects. Latin reductio = "restoration"
Relashio
Forces somebody/something to release whatever he/she/it's holding. Italian rilasciare = "to release"
Rennervate
Revives someone out of unconsciousness; counter spell to Stupefy. re("again") + nervus("strength")
Reparo
Repairs broken/damaged objects. Latin = "to renew/repair"
Repello Muggletum
Keeps Muggles(non-magical humans) from wizarding places, usually by distracting them with another thought or making them forget. Latin repello = "to drive away"
Rictusempra
Victim experiences tickling sensation. Latin rictus("open mouth") + semper("always")
Riddikulus
Turns a Boggart(a creature that takes on a personally terrifying form) into a more humorous form. Latin ridiculus = "absurd"
Salvio Hexia
Provides some protection against hexes. Latin salvus("safe") + English "hex"
Scourgify
Used to clean something. English "scour"
Sectumsempra
Violently wounds the victim, akin to slashing with a sword. Latin sectum("cut") + semper("always")
Serpensortia
Conjures a serpent from the wand. Latin serpens("a snake") + French sortir("to come out / leave")
Silencio
Silences something immediately. silenzio/silencio = "silence"
Sonorus
Magnifies caster's voice. Latin = "loud"
Specialis Revelio
Reveals an object's hidden secrets / magical properties. Latin specialis + revelo("to unveil")
Stupefy
Renders victim unconscious. Latin stupefacio("to make senseless")
Tarantallegra
Makes victim's legs move uncontrollably. Italian taranta/tarantella + allegra("joyful")
Tergeo
Siphons a substance from a surface, e.g. blood, ink, dust. Latin = "to wipe/scour/clean"
Waddiwasi
Launches small objects through the air. English "wad"
Wingardium Leviosa
Levitates objects. English "wing" + Latin arduus("tall") + levis("light")

...Now that you have this huge list of spells, I suppose you could try to cast some of them with a wand or something. Maybe you'll discover that you're not a Muggle after all! Then again, you would have already been enrolled in a magic school at the age of 11, so it's very unlikely they missed you out... :P